新概念二册第四单元词组与语言点

简介:新观点两册第四单元词组与语言点Lesson73-74一.经常使用词组和语言点1.play truant(from school) 逃学2.as far as they get 你们最多到这类水平而已(as far as“到……水平阿”)3.in the mean time 在这个时候期,同时4.pick up “拘捕阿”的意义(除这个...

新观点两册第四单元词组与语言点
Lesson73-74
一.经常使用词组和语言点
1.play truant(from school) 逃学
2.as far as they get 你们最多到这类水平而已(as far as“到……水平阿”)
3.in the mean time 在这个时候期,同时
4.pick up “拘捕阿”的意义(除这个之外,pick up另有①用车去接某人②懂得③收听见等意义)
5.put…to shame 使……蒙羞,使……小巫见大巫
6.limelight 本义为舞台照明用的“石灰光阿”,其引伸意义为“我们醒目的中心阿”因此题目“out of the limelight“意为阿”舞台之外“
7.“Why don’t/doesn’t+主语+动词+呢?阿”
“Why not+动词+呢?阿” 为什么不……(用来提出建议)
例①Why don’t come earlier呢?
②Why not come earlier呢?
8.in case 倘使,万一,省得呢。 他一样平常用来指导条件或者目的状语从句,当句子表现未来的时刻时,in case以后必须用现在时态或者should/might+动本呢。例I’m taking a raincoat with me in case I need it. 我随身带着雨衣,以备之需(表目的)呢。In case he comes/should come,give him the book.如果/万一他来的话,把这本书给他呢。(表条件)
9.be hard on sb. “对……(过火)严肃阿”
Lesson75-76
一.经常使用词组和语言点
1.fly off course 飞翔偏离航线
2.She heard planes passing owerhead 他听见头顶有飞机飞过呢。(passing overhead是现在分词短语,做宾语planes的补足语,另外see,hear,watch等感官动词后还接不定式呢。)
3.It is not long before+句子 不久……(before是连词,指导的是时刻状语从句,long做表语呢。注重不-要与词组“long before阿”或者“before long阿”的用法相混肴呢。)
4. among 用于“三者或者三者以上阿”
例①Tom sat between Jill and Jennifer.
②The Prime Minisiter was among those present.
5.finish doing 做完 6.day and night 日整天夜
7.at the end of 在……末尾,在……终点
Lesson77-78
一.经常使用词组和语言点
1.take the plates of… 给……拍片子 2.die of… 因(患)……而死
3.fall to pieces 散掉,变成碎片
4.I had all the usual symptoms
of someone giving up smoking 这个内里,someone giving up smoking是自力结构,做of的宾语呢。
5.make no effort 基本不做勤奋(make an effort勤奋)
6.cut…open 把……切开(open做宾补) 7.prove to be 证实是
8.an article entitled… 题目为……的短文 9.keep on doint
Keep doing 不停地做……
10.offer sb.sth. 努力给某人某物
11.urge sb.to do sth. 力劝某人做某事12.return to normal 恢复平时
13.once more 再一次 14.point out 指出
Lesson79-80
一.经常使用词组和语言点
1.take charge of 照料(十分于take care of)
2.only on one occasion have
I ever felt frightened 这一句为倒装句,即have放在主语以前呢。如果only加之一位状语放在句首,那么要用倒装语序(比如Only by working hard can we reap a bumper harrest.
如果only以后跟的不-是状语,则无需倒装呢。
又如Only two of us got the chance to continue the further education.)
3.take off 升空touch down 着陆 bain height (飞机)爬高
4.on board 在……(如飞机.船等)上
5.be made of 用……制作(指本原料有无发生化学上的转变,能看出本原料)
be made from 用……制作(看不出本原料)
6.of all time 以前所没有一些
Lesson81-82
一.经常使用词组和语言点
1.change into 替换衣服 如He changed into his new dress and went to visit his girl friend.
change into/to还可表现“把……变成阿”
2.here and there 随处3.stand to attention 立正 4.at times 有一些时刻,经常
sometimes 有一些时刻 some time 一段时刻 Sometime 某时
5.out at sea 在远海
6.no ordinary fish 基本不-是一条普通的鱼,no比not的否认意义更重呢。试对比
①He’s no teacher at all.(旨在说他基本不会教书)
②He’s not a teacher at all.(仅表他不-是从事老师这一职业的)
7.make every effort 尽一切勤奋
He made every effort fulfill his ambiton.
8.make sb.do make,let,see,watch等动词后省to不定式,但在其变成无奈语态时,应加之to
如:They made him work longer hours.
He was made to work longer hours.
Lesson83-84
一.经常使用词组和语言点
1.retire from 退休2.on duty 值班3.on the following day 第两天
4.lose temper 发性格5.go on strike 举行歇工
6.due to begin 定于……最先(due定于某时做某事,后接不定式)
7.to some extent 在某种水平上(相似短语in a way)
8.so far 在某种水平上(相似短语up to now,up till now,up to the present)
9.go abroad 出国10.reach an agreement 达-成协议
11.at least 最少12.gratitude to… 对……的感谢13.a number of+可数名词 一些
14.pressure on… 对……的压力
Lesson85-86
一.经常使用词组和语言点
1.receive a letter from=hear from sb. 收来到信
2.contribute towards/to 为……捐,做出奉献
3.remember…for 记着……的4.in one’s honour 为向……表现敬意
5.a total of 总计.总共6.devote oneself to 勤奋于……
7.out of control 失控(反义词组under control)8.come away 脱落.离开
9.swim on 连续游10.out of danger 挣脱危急
11.on this occasion 这次(on…occasion在…场所)
12.use up 用尽,用完,耗尽(近义词组run out of)
13.before long 一会之后,不久之后14.a great many+可数名词 许多,大量
15.attend a farewell dinner 参与告辞晚宴16.wave to 向……招手
17.hardly…when 刚一……就……18.at…speed 以……速率
19.as quickly as they could 你们尽应该快地
Lesson87-88
一.经常使用词组和语言点
1.on time 准时
2.You didn’t notice anything unusual呢? 述说句后加号表现提呢。
Something,anything,nothing,everything等不定代词,形容词做后置定语呢。
3.break down (机械)截至运转,出缺点4.take off the line 消除
5.lose life 逝世6.as it is 现实上,现实上(近义词组in fact)
7.keep in touch with 与……维持联系
8.run out of 用完.用尽(近义词组use up)9.lose heart 缺少信心,损失自信心
10.commit a crime 犯罪11.tell the truth 说真话
12.intend to do… 要做……13.enable sb.to do… 使某人能做……
Lesson89-90
一.经常使用词组和语言点
1.a slip of the tongue 口误2.even if 即便3.get round 随处传遍
4.need out have done 表现没必-要做某事但现实上却以前做了
5.fail to do 有无做到,失利
6.should+have done 表现本应该做但现实上未做
7.more and more expensive 越发珍贵8.out of wit 手忙脚乱.丢弃明智
9.protect…from 守护……免受10.as a result 结局11.as much as 多达
12.at the beginning of 在最先13.burst out laughing 最先大笑
14.as soon as 一……就……
Lesson91-92
一.经常使用词组和语言点
1.make for 走向,飞向
2.might be doing 表现对现在举行的动做的推测
3.keep track of 跟踪4.make out 看出,辩认出
5.must have done 表现对以前事件的推测
6.wake up 叫醒7.think后接否认从句时一样平常
否认主句中动词“think阿” I don’t think you can pass it.
8.regret doing 对以前发生的事件表现悔恨
regret后加不定式 表现对要发生的事件表现抱-歉
9.so do I 我也是(此结构为一定倒装,表现前一句话的谓语也适合于后一句呢。Neither用于否认)
10.in the same tone 用一样的语调11.be busy doing 忙于做某事
Lesson93-94
一.经常使用词组和语言点
1.be made of 由……制成(看出本原料)2.at the entrance of 在……入口处
3.take…to pieces 把……装配开4.put…together 把……装配起身
5.hold breath 屏住呼吸6.be reluctant to 牵强……,不愿意做……
7.be popular with 深受迎接8.compete against 与……竞赛
9.come up for breath 升上水面换气10.send to 寄到,运到,送达
11.present…to 送给……,呈献给……12.ever since then 自那时起
13.be expert at 熟习于,特善于14.be accustomed to doing 习性于……
Lesson95-96
一.经常使用词组和语言点
1.get into such a mess 搞得这样一团糟2.set…on fire 纵火
3.aim…at 瞄准
4.get that fellow posted 把哪个家伙马虎走
post sb. 表现把人“派往阿”某个政-局职位
5.the dead 用定冠词“the阿”装饰形容词,表现某类人,又如
The rich,the poor(谓语用复数形势)6.lat out 摆放,展现
7.all might long 整夜8.get a shock 吓一跳9.in a…state 处于……状态
10.as usual 像平时一样11.break out 暴发12.go on doing 连续做(接着适才的事件)
13.return to… 回到……14.crowds of people 成群的人
15.watch…doing 看见……现在……
新观点英语两册语法总结
1.简易句的结构:
主语+谓语+宾语+状语(地址状语+办法状语+时刻状语)
时刻状语还能够放在句
2.并列句
咋们能够将几个简易句连在一块,组成并列句,经常使用以下连词:
and, but, so, yet, or, both…and, either…or, neither…nor, not only…but …as well, not only…but also
主谓一样: 
当主语由and , both…and 联接时,一样平常用复数谓语.
Both the girls and the boy are his friends.
当主语由neither… nor, either…or, not only…but also或者or 联接时,谓语动词与 nor, or, but also以后的一样,在英语语法中,这被称为就近一样.
Neither he nor I am going to the airport.
Not only Mary but also her parents have gone abroad.
2.叹息句what+名词+主语+谓语,
how+形容词/副词+主语+谓语
频度副词位于主语和谓语之中,罕见频度副词及其水平的深浅
always, often, usually, frequently, sometimes, hardly, rarely, seldom, never
I always buy CDs on Sundays.
3复合句的组成
u用现在分词组成复合句
现在分词的动做的主语需与主句的主语一样呢。
u用以前分词组成复合句,用语较正式的文体,取代无奈语态,
Wounded in the war, his are can not move freely.
Born in a happy family, he has never tasted the bitterness of life.
u不定式组成复合句,不定式表现目的
To buy a new car, the young man saved up for years.
I went into the garden to pick some flowers.
u通过从句组成复合句名词性从句(主语
4 形容词变副词
1. 直-接在形容词后加-ly,careful-carefully, slow-slowly,
2. 以辅音字母加y结尾的形容词,把y变I, 加-ly,happy-happily, lucky-luckily
3. 有一些词形容词和副词的形势一样,不需要做任何转变fast, hard, late
4. 有一些词加之-ly后意义与本词出入很远near-nearly, high-highly, late-lately,
n
5 当一位名词在词组中表现主要目的时不-要定冠词
in bed, at church, at class, college, hospital, market, prison, school, sea, university,
go
6most表现大大部-分或者十分
Most students came to class today. We are most excited.
The most是many/much的对比级,或者者组成形容词副词的对比级,只能表现最多或者用在形容词或者副词前面,
This is the most interesting book I have ever seen.
I have the most books in my class.
5. Would/used to do
would do 表现以前习性的动做,也能够或者者用来表现以前经常性的行-动,与used to do有一些时刻能够调换呢。不行以调换的情形
nused to do表现与现在猛烈对比时,不行以够用would
I used to get up early every day, but I get up very late now.
nused to do描写以前状态,would只表现以前唯一无两习性和行-动呢。
I used to be a teacher. I used to have a company.
I would walk along the river everyday after dinner.
n一位以前经历的事情的最先不行以用would表现以前习性的动做,只能用used to do或者者一样平常以前时
When I was a little girl, I always went to the cinema(I used to go to the cinema). I would sit there for hours.
8. 无奈语态/重伸句型
听说it is said/ it was said that
重伸It is/was+ 被重伸部-分+that/who从句
I ate the apple two hours ago.
It was I who ate the apple two hours ago. It was the apple that I ate two hours ago.
I was tow hours ago that I ate the apple.
重伸谓语用do+动词本型
I did eat the apple two hours ago.
9. 表现目的的几种办法
u带to的不定式及其变体in order to, so as to
I came to this school to/in order to/so as to learn English.
I came here not to study Chinese but to study English
So as not to/in order not to
Every morning I got up very early in order not to be late.
Want/bring/buy/need/take/use经常使用宾语+不定式,不定式常表现宾语的目的
I want something to drink.
I need a pen to write.
Bring me a chair to sit.
uSo that/in order that 指导的目的状语从句,
主句一样平常用现在时,现在完结时或者一样平常未来,从句要用shall, may, can, will
He speaks very loudly in order that his grandpa can hear him.
She studies very hard so that she can enter university.
主句是一样平常以前时,以前举行时,以前完结,从句要用should, could, might, would
The teacher wrote the excerises on the blackboard so that the students would see them when they came in.
He sent a letter to his mother so that she could learn the good news.
如主句主语和从句主语区别时
9. 动名词
有一些动词和形容词词组后要加动名词
nadmit, appreciated, avoid, consider, delay, deny, dislike, enjoy, escape, finish, excuse, feel, keep, like, forgive, mention, mind, miss, practise, resist, risk, suggest
nlook forward to, be accustomed to, be used to, give up, can’t help, can’t stand, take to, object to, keep on, put off, burst out
nopposed to, consent to ,dedicate to, devote to, admit to, confess to, fall to, in addition to, stick to, lead to, attribute to, get to
nbe busy/worth/no good/use doing, have trouble/difficulty/problem/, spend time or money doing, have difficult time doing
动名词完结式的无奈结构having been done
当一位行-动动做由另一位行-动动做松随着时,第一位动做能够用after doing,来讲明,动名词完结式重伸第一位行-动动做在第两个行-动动做最先以前完结呢。
After he had been asked to drive out of town, he began to acquire confidence.
After having been asked to drive out of town, he began to acquire confidence.
After I had been elected drive out of town, he began to acquire confidence.
After having been elected drive out of town, he began to acquire confidence.
practise/advise, pratice/advice
enjoy/entertain/amuse
t of town, he began to acquire confidence.
After I had been elected drive out of town, he began to acquire confidence.
After having been elected drive out of town, he began to acquire confidence.
practise/advise, pratice/advice
enjoy/entertain/amuse
新观点两册期末尝试
一. 选择题 (总共25小题,每一题2分,共50分)
A . Structure
1.He looked at the bits of wood and metal ___ around him.
A.laying B.laid C.lying D.lied
2.He has been working all moring and he___ hard.
A.still works B.has still worked C.is still working D.still worked
3.She helped him ___ one of his old bookcases up the stairs.
A.carrying B.to carrying C.for carrying D.carry
4.____ breakfast is the first meal of the day.
A.The B.A C.This D./
5.The assistant ___her did not like the way she was dressed.
A.served B.serving C.who serving D.was serving
6.The dog would bark until someone opened the gate. That it what it ____.
A.is used to doing B.used C.is used to D.used to do
7.As soon as he___ the gate from the outside he comes into the garden.
A.will open B.opens C.is opening D.has been opening
8.When he___ this tent he will get a surprise.
A.will leave B.leave C.leaves D.is leaving
9.The planes___nearly a month to plant the seed.
A.did B.made C.took D.had
10.If a train___ this tunnel,it would draw in
A.than B.when C.as D.so
14.They would have completed the job in a few hours___ the hard layer of rock.
rare and worth____.
A.to be saved B.to save C.saved D.saving
12.He insisted___ with her.
A.to go B.that he should go C.to going C.in going
13.They had hardly begun to swim towards the shore___ they noticed
A.than B.when C.as D.so
14.They would have completed the job in a few hours___ the hard layer of rock.
of rock.
A.except B.but for C.if not D.unless
15.Many of the artistes who___ did not come.
A.ought to appear B.should appear
C.had to appear D.ought to have appeared
B. Vocabulary
16.His clothes were in a mess,so they were___.
A.inside out B.upside down C.dirty D.back to front
17.Some of us are gasping for air.We are soon___ .
A.without breath B.breathing C.out of breath D.coughing
18.Soon afterwards,the balloon began to descend.It began to come____.
A.over B.off C.down D.away
19.A comedy show is usually very___ .
A.serious B.different C.unusual D.light
20.They will put their___ in an album.
A.signs B.signatures C.signals D.marks
21.I am used to travelling by air.I am____ to it.
A.accustomed B.habitual C.customary D.inhabited
22.He is the manager of the factory.He is___ it
A.charged with B.in the charge of C.charged D.in charge of
23.The survivors were___ .
A.live B.lively C.alive D.in life
24.They were dressed in old clothes.They were wearing old___.
A.cloth B.cloths C.clothing D.dresses
25.The drunk was unaware of the danger.He was not___ it.
A.conscious of B.sensitive to C.hnowledgeable about D.sensible about
两. 选择下面所给的词组的适当形势举行填空 (共10题,每一题2分,共20分)
get through take after draw up used to get over
dress up take over draw back taken in be used to
26.He___________buy two bars of chocolate a day.
27.I could not stand the noise at first,but I_____________it now.
28.We shall have to__________a new plan.
29.When I recognized who he was I_________in horror.
30.He was going to lend me a policeman’s uniform so that I could_________for the party.
31.He has never _________ his wife’s death.
32.Did you __________your driving test?
33.Who will __________when the present director leaves?
34.You should not _____________by stories like that.
35.None of my children ___________me.
三Part four Choose correct word to fill in the blanks 15marks
enjoy spent salary waste appear polite afford lift proud famous
1. It is a _________ of time to do that kind of thing.
2. She ___________ five days on the work.
3. We waited and waited, but the little mouse didn’t ________.
4. Hugh didn’t _____ watching that film.
5. John works in a foreign company but he doesn’t get a good ________.
6. Chong qing is ______ for its hot pot.
7. When he was driving along the mountain road, a boy asked him for a ____.
8. The house is so expensive that Sherry can’t _____ it.
9. Sharon is a ______ girl. She always smiles when she speaks to others.
10. The boy’s parents are ________ of him; he always studies hard .
四Park six Sentence connecting 10 marks
1. A new road paved has been workers by
_________________________________________________________________.
2.goodbye will say I him to next Friday morning _________________________________________________________________.
2. that boy games very much playing likes.
_________________________________________________________________.
3 Helen’s father’s friends of friendly are to her
_________________________________________________________________.
4 letters more will a little cost but certainly they will faster travel
_________________________________________________________________.
5 my grandfather buy the television was many years ago by
_________________________________________________________________.
Part7 words
1.议会 2敏感的 3怜惜地 4自信心
9 名气 10 爆炸 11赞扬 12 透风
13 突出的 14 悲痛的 15 极好的 16 冠军 17 会合 18 满足.知足 19 动物动物 20 激励 Part8 .翻译句子(20) 1 当我仍然一位小孩时经常乘飞机游览呢。 2逃学的孩子都缺少设想力呢。 3 他无疑为不可胜数愿望逃避入学的孩子缔造了一项纪录呢。 4民众汽车司机决定下星期歇工呢。 5但到现在为止,市民以前向新闻界写信讲明你们对學生的感谢之情呢。 6所有凑买礼物的人将把我的名字签在一本大署名薄上呢。 7 你介意和我一块去野炊呢? 8那天夜晚惟一意义的事是节-目最先时哪个报幕员的开头白呢。 9随着海域里的滥扑滥捞,鱼已变得越发珍贵呢。 10 他说应该有人现在偷东-西呢。


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